DNS RFC Repository

We maintain an up-to-date repository of DNS-related RFCs. To help quickly gather and browse documents of interest, we also give finer-grained labels under particular topics (e.g., DNSSEC, IDNA, DNS privacy) to each RFC.

This repository is expected to be updated once a month. It now comprises 42 RFCs under 42 labels, including:

  • Documents subsequent to RFC 882
  • DNS specification: namespace, name registration, DNS protocol
  • DNS operation: functionalities and recommendations about running DNS services
  • DNS security: security extensions, threat analysis, and proposed solutions
  • DNS application: Internet functionalities that explicitly rely on the DNS (e.g., SPF, DANE)
  • Obsoleted/deprecated versions of the above

Comments or suggestions are extremely welcome! Contact us if you find an RFC missing, mis-labeled, should be removed, or for any other feedback.

RFC status
Topics


RFC statusTopic 1Topic 2RFCTitleObsoleted by
Proposed StandardPKI ApplicationSRV/SVCB Functionalities9525Service Identity in TLS
Proposed StandardServicing9520Negative Caching of DNS Resolution Failures
InformationalFiltering9505A Survey of Worldwide Censorship Techniques
InformationalServicing9498The GNU Name System
Proposed StandardNamespace9476The .alt Special-Use Top-Level Domain
Proposed StandardServicingGuidelines/Recommendations9471DNS Glue Requirements in Referral Responses
Proposed StandardEncrypted DNS9464Internet Key Exchange Protocol Version 2 (IKEv2) Configuration for Encrypted DNS
Proposed StandardEncrypted DNSSRV/SVCB Functionalities9462Discovery of Designated Resolvers
Proposed StandardSRV/SVCB Functionalities9461Service Binding Mapping for DNS Servers
Proposed StandardSRV/SVCB Functionalities9460Service Binding and Parameter Specification via the DNS (SVCB and HTTPS Resource Records)
InformationalDNS Privacy9446Reflections on Ten Years Past the Snowden Revelations
Proposed StandardPKI Application9444Automated Certificate Management Environment (ACME) for Subdomains
Proposed StandardZone Transfer/Update9432DNS Catalog Zones
Best Current PracticeDNSSEC - General OperationClarification/Terminology9364DNS Security Extensions (DNSSEC)
InformationalName Registration & Protocols9361ICANN Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH) Functional Specifications
Best Current PracticeDNSSEC - Algorithms/KeysGuidelines/Recommendations9276Guidance for NSEC3 Parameter Settings
InformationalThreats/Vulnerabilities & Patches9267Common Implementation Anti-Patterns Related to Domain Name System (DNS) Resource Record (RR) Processing
Proposed StandardEncrypted DNS9250DNS over Dedicated QUIC Connections
Proposed StandardIDNA/Globalization9233Internationalized Domain Names for Applications 2008 (IDNA2008) and Unicode 12.0.0
ExperimentalEncrypted DNS9230Oblivious DNS over HTTPS
Internet StandardName Registration & Protocols9224Finding the Authoritative Registration Data Access Protocol (RDAP) Service
Best Current PracticeDNS over TCPGuidelines/Recommendations9210DNS Transport over TCP - Operational Requirements
InformationalServicingGuidelines/Recommendations9199Considerations for Large Authoritative DNS Server Operators
Proposed StandardName Registration & Protocols9167Registry Maintenance Notification for the Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - Problem StatementClarification/Terminology9157Revised IANA Considerations for DNSSEC
Proposed StandardDNS PrivacyServicing9156DNS Query Name Minimisation to Improve Privacy
Proposed StandardName Registration & Protocols9154Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) Secure Authorization Information for Transfer
InformationalNamespace9121Deprecating Infrastructure "int" Domains
InformationalReverse DNS9120Nameservers for the Address and Routing Parameter Area ("arpa") Domain
Proposed StandardNew RRs/Codes9108YANG Types for DNS Classes and Resource Record Types
Proposed StandardEncrypted DNSZone Transfer/Update9103DNS Zone Transfer over TLS
ExperimentalDNSSEC - OthersPKI Application9102TLS DNSSEC Chain Extension
InformationalName Registration & Protocols9095Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) Domain Name Mapping Extension for Strict Bundling Registration
ExperimentalEmail Application9091Experimental Domain-Based Message Authentication, Reporting, and Conformance (DMARC) Extension for Public Suffix Domains
Internet StandardName Registration & Protocols9083JSON Responses for the Registration Data Access Protocol (RDAP)
Internet StandardName Registration & Protocols9082Registration Data Access Protocol (RDAP) Query Format
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - General OperationServicing9077NSEC and NSEC3: TTLs and Aggressive Use
InformationalDNS Privacy9076DNS Privacy Considerations
Proposed StandardName Registration & Protocols9038Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) Unhandled Namespaces
Proposed StandardName Registration & Protocols9022Domain Name Registration Data (DNRD) Objects Mapping
Proposed StandardTransaction Authentication9018Interoperable Domain Name System (DNS) Server Cookies
Proposed StandardName Registration & Protocols8982Registration Data Access Protocol (RDAP) Partial Response
Proposed StandardName Registration & Protocols8977Registration Data Access Protocol (RDAP) Query Parameters for Result Sorting and Paging
Proposed StandardNew RRs/CodesDNS Root8976Message Digest for DNS Zones
Best Current PracticeName Registration & Protocols8958Updated Registration Rules for URI.ARPA
Internet StandardTransaction AuthenticationNew RRs/Codes8945Secret Key Transaction Authentication for DNS (TSIG)
Best Current PracticeDNS PrivacyGuidelines/Recommendations8932Recommendations for DNS Privacy Service Operators
Proposed StandardFlaws/Errors & ReportingServicing8914Extended DNS Errors
Proposed StandardName Registration & Protocols8909Registry Data Escrow Specification
Best Current PracticeFlaws/Errors & Reporting8906A Common Operational Problem in DNS Servers: Failure to Communicate
InformationalEmail ApplicationFiltering8904DNS Whitelist (DNSWL) Email Authentication Method Extension
InformationalDNSSEC - General OperationServicing8901Multi-Signer DNSSEC Models
Best Current PracticeThreats/Vulnerabilities & Patches8900IP Fragmentation Considered Fragile
InformationalService Discovery/mDNSGuidelines/Recommendations8882DNS-Based Service Discovery (DNS-SD) Privacy and Security Requirements
Proposed StandardReverse DNSNamespace8880Special Use Domain Name 'ipv4only.arpa'
Proposed StandardName Registration & Protocols8807Login Security Extension for the Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)
InformationalDNS RootServicing8806Running a Root Server Local to a Resolver
Proposed StandardReverse DNS8777DNS Reverse IP Automatic Multicast Tunneling (AMT) Discovery
Proposed StandardServicing8767Serving Stale Data to Improve DNS Resiliency
Proposed StandardService Discovery/mDNS8766Discovery Proxy for Multicast DNS-Based Service Discovery
Proposed StandardZone Transfer/Update8765DNS Push Notifications
InformationalZone Transfer/Update8764Apple's DNS Long-Lived Queries Protocol
Proposed StandardIDNA/Globalization8753Internationalized Domain Names for Applications (IDNA) Review for New Unicode Versions
Proposed StandardStatement of Retirement8749Moving DNSSEC Lookaside Validation (DLV) to Historic Status
Proposed StandardName Registration & Protocols8748Registry Fee Extension for the Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)
InformationalIPv6 Application8683Additional Deployment Guidelines for NAT64/464XLAT in Operator and Enterprise Networks
Proposed StandardPKI ApplicationNew RRs/Codes8659DNS Certification Authority Authorization (CAA) Resource Record
Proposed StandardPKI Application8657Certification Authority Authorization (CAA) Record Extensions for Account URI and Automatic Certificate Management Environment (ACME) Method Binding
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - Algorithms/KeysGuidelines/Recommendations8624Algorithm Implementation Requirements and Usage Guidance for DNSSEC
Proposed StandardData Collection & Representation8618Compacted-DNS (C-DNS): A Format for DNS Packet Capture
Proposed StandardEmail ApplicationIDNA/Globalization8616Email Authentication for Internationalized Mail
Proposed StandardOther Applications8598Split DNS Configuration for the Internet Key Exchange Protocol Version 2 (IKEv2)
Proposed StandardName Registration & Protocols8590Change Poll Extension for the Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)
InformationalNew RRs/Codes8567Customer Management DNS Resource Records
Proposed StandardPKI Application8555Automatic Certificate Management Environment (ACME)
Best Current PracticeServicing8553DNS Attrleaf Changes: Fixing Specifications That Use Underscored Node Names
Best Current PracticeServicing8552Scoped Interpretation of DNS Resource Records through "Underscored" Naming of Attribute Leaves
Proposed StandardName Registration & Protocols8544Organization Extension for the Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)
Proposed StandardName Registration & Protocols8543Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) Organization Mapping
Best Current PracticeName Registration & Protocols8521Registration Data Access Protocol (RDAP) Object Tagging
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - Algorithms/KeysDNS Root8509A Root Key Trust Anchor Sentinel for DNSSEC
InformationalReverse DNSIPv6 Application8501Reverse DNS in IPv6 for Internet Service Providers
Best Current PracticeClarification/Terminology8499DNS Terminology
Proposed StandardName Registration & Protocols8495Allocation Token Extension for the Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)
Proposed StandardNew RRs/Codes8490DNS Stateful Operations
Proposed StandardEncrypted DNS8484DNS Queries over HTTPS (DoH)
InformationalDNS Root8483Yeti DNS Testbed
Proposed StandardThreats/Vulnerabilities & PatchesGuidelines/Recommendations8482Providing Minimal-Sized Responses to DNS Queries That Have QTYPE=ANY
ExperimentalEDNS & ExtensionsGuidelines/Recommendations8467Padding Policies for Extension Mechanisms for DNS (EDNS(0))
Proposed StandardEmail Application8463A New Cryptographic Signature Method for DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM)
InformationalData Collection & Representation8427Representing DNS Messages in JSON
Proposed StandardReverse DNSNamespace8375Special-Use Domain 'home.arpa.'
Proposed StandardName Registration & Protocols8334Launch Phase Mapping for the Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)
InformationalServicing8324DNS Privacy, Authorization, Special Uses, Encoding, Characters, Matching, and Root Structure: Time for Another Look?
Proposed StandardEncrypted DNS8310Usage Profiles for DNS over TLS and DNS over DTLS
Proposed StandardEmail Application8301Cryptographic Algorithm and Key Usage Update to DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM)
Proposed StandardIDNA/Globalization8264PRECIS Framework: Preparation, Enforcement, and Comparison of Internationalized Strings in Application Protocols
InformationalNamespaceClarification/Terminology8244Special-Use Domain Names Problem Statement
InformationalService Discovery/mDNSGuidelines/Recommendations8222Selecting Labels for Use with Conventional DNS and Other Resolution Systems in DNS-Based Service Discovery
Proposed StandardServicing8198Aggressive Use of DNSSEC-Validated Cache
ExperimentalPKI Application8162Using Secure DNS to Associate Certificates with Domain Names for S/MIME
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - Algorithms/Keys8145Signaling Trust Anchor Knowledge in DNS Security Extensions (DNSSEC)
InformationalDNS Root8128IETF Appointment Procedures for the ICANN Root Zone Evolution Review Committee
InformationalThreats/Vulnerabilities & Patches8117Current Hostname Practice Considered Harmful
Best Current PracticeDNS RootServicing8109Initializing a DNS Resolver with Priming Queries
Proposed StandardIPv6 Application8106IPv6 Router Advertisement Options for DNS Configuration
ExperimentalEncrypted DNS8094DNS over Datagram Transport Layer Security (DTLS)
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - Algorithms/Keys8080Edwards-Curve Digital Security Algorithm (EdDSA) for DNSSEC
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - Algorithms/Keys8078Managing DS Records from the Parent via CDS/CDNSKEY
Proposed StandardName Registration & Protocols8063Key Relay Mapping for the Extensible Provisioning Protocol
Proposed StandardName Registration & Protocols8056Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) and Registration Data Access Protocol (RDAP) Status Mapping
Best Current PracticeDNSSEC - General OperationFlaws/Errors & Reporting8027DNSSEC Roadblock Avoidance
InformationalNamespaceThreats/Vulnerabilities & Patches8023Report from the Workshop and Prize on Root Causes and Mitigation of Name Collisions
Proposed StandardClarification/Terminology8020NXDOMAIN: There Really Is Nothing Underneath
Proposed StandardNew RRs/CodesOther Applications8005Host Identity Protocol (HIP) Domain Name System (DNS) Extension
InformationalEmail Application7960Interoperability Issues between Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting, and Conformance (DMARC) and Indirect Email Flows
InformationalDNSSEC - Algorithms/KeysDNS Root7958DNSSEC Trust Anchor Publication for the Root Zone
ExperimentalPKI ApplicationEmail Application7929DNS-Based Authentication of Named Entities (DANE) Bindings for OpenPGP
ExperimentalEDNS & Extensions7901CHAIN Query Requests in DNS
Proposed StandardTransaction Authentication7873Domain Name System (DNS) Cookies
InformationalEDNS & Extensions7871Client Subnet in DNS Queries
Proposed StandardEncrypted DNS7858Specification for DNS over Transport Layer Security (TLS)
Proposed StandardEDNS & Extensions7830The EDNS(0) Padding Option
Proposed StandardEDNS & Extensions7828The edns-tcp-keepalive EDNS0 Option
Proposed StandardPKI ApplicationEmail Application7817Updated Transport Layer Security (TLS) Server Identity Check Procedure for Email-Related Protocols
ExperimentalDNS PrivacyServicing7816DNS Query Name Minimisation to Improve Privacy9156
Best Current PracticeReverse DNS7793Adding 100.64.0.0/10 Prefixes to the IPv4 Locally-Served DNS Zones Registry
Proposed StandardDNS over TCP7766DNS Transport over TCP - Implementation Requirements
InformationalFilteringGuidelines/Recommendations7754Technical Considerations for Internet Service Blocking and Filtering
InformationalReverse DNS7745XML Schemas for Reverse DNS Management
Best Current PracticeDNS RootGuidelines/Recommendations7720DNS Root Name Service Protocol and Deployment Requirements
InformationalClarification/Terminology7719DNS Terminology8499
Proposed StandardOther Applications7712Domain Name Associations (DNA) in the Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP)
InformationalDNS RootServicing7706Decreasing Access Time to Root Servers by Running One on Loopback8806
Proposed StandardNamespace7686The ".onion" Special-Use Domain Name
Proposed StandardPKI ApplicationSRV/SVCB Functionalities7673Using DNS-Based Authentication of Named Entities (DANE) TLSA Records with SRV Records
Proposed StandardPKI ApplicationEmail Application7672SMTP Security via Opportunistic DNS-Based Authentication of Named Entities (DANE) Transport Layer Security (TLS)
Proposed StandardPKI ApplicationGuidelines/Recommendations7671The DNS-Based Authentication of Named Entities (DANE) Protocol: Updates and Operational Guidance
InformationalDNSSEC - Algorithms/Keys7646Definition and Use of DNSSEC Negative Trust Anchors
InformationalDNS Privacy7626DNS Privacy Considerations9076
InformationalDNSSEC - Algorithms/Keys7583DNSSEC Key Rollover Timing Considerations
Proposed StandardIDNA/Globalization7564PRECIS Framework: Preparation, Enforcement, and Comparison of Internationalized Strings in Application Protocols8264
InformationalService Discovery/mDNSGuidelines/Recommendations7558Requirements for Scalable DNS-Based Service Discovery (DNS-SD) / Multicast DNS (mDNS) Extensions
InformationalNew RRs/Codes7553The Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) DNS Resource Record
InformationalReverse DNS7535AS112 Redirection Using DNAME
InformationalReverse DNS7534AS112 Nameserver Operations
Proposed StandardEmail Application7505A "Null MX" No Service Resource Record for Domains That Accept No Mail
InformationalEmail Application7489Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting, and Conformance (DMARC)
InformationalName Registration & Protocols7485Inventory and Analysis of WHOIS Registration Objects
Proposed StandardName Registration & Protocols7484Finding the Authoritative Registration Data (RDAP) Service9224
Proposed StandardName Registration & Protocols7483JSON Responses for the Registration Data Access Protocol (RDAP)9083
Proposed StandardName Registration & Protocols7482Registration Data Access Protocol (RDAP) Query Format9082
InformationalOther Applications7479Using Ed25519 in SSHFP Resource Records
Proposed StandardZone Transfer/Update7477Child-to-Parent Synchronization in DNS
InformationalOther Applications7393Using the Port Control Protocol (PCP) to Update Dynamic DNS
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - Algorithms/Keys7344Automating DNSSEC Delegation Trust Maintenance
InformationalOther Applications7336Framework for Content Distribution Network Interconnection (CDNI)
ExperimentalEDNS & Extensions7314Extension Mechanisms for DNS (EDNS) EXPIRE Option
InformationalNamespaceThreats/Vulnerabilities & Patches7304A Method for Mitigating Namespace Collisions
Proposed StandardPKI ApplicationClarification/Terminology7218Adding Acronyms to Simplify Conversations about DNS-Based Authentication of Named Entities (DANE)
Proposed StandardOther ApplicationsReverse DNS7216Location Information Server (LIS) Discovery Using IP Addresses and Reverse DNS
Proposed StandardEmail ApplicationNew RRs/Codes7208Sender Policy Framework (SPF) for Authorizing Use of Domains in E-Mail, Version 1
InformationalDNSSEC - General Operation7129Authenticated Denial of Existence in the DNS
InformationalDNS Root7108A Summary of Various Mechanisms Deployed at L-Root for the Identification of Anycast Nodes
InformationalNamespace7085Top-Level Domains That Are Already Dotless
InformationalIPv6 Application7051Analysis of Solution Proposals for Hosts to Learn NAT64 Prefix
Proposed StandardIPv6 Application7050Discovery of the IPv6 Prefix Used for IPv6 Address Synthesis
InformationalNew RRs/CodesOther Applications7043Resource Records for EUI-48 and EUI-64 Addresses in the DNS
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - Algorithms/Keys6975Signaling Cryptographic Algorithm Understanding in DNS Security Extensions (DNSSEC)
InformationalOther ApplicationsGuidelines/Recommendations6950Architectural Considerations on Application Features in the DNS
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - Algorithms/Keys6944Applicability Statement: DNS Security (DNSSEC) DNSKEY Algorithm Implementation Status8624
InformationalIDNA/GlobalizationNamespace6927Variants in Second-Level Names Registered in Top-Level Domains
InformationalIDNA/GlobalizationGuidelines/Recommendations6912Principles for Unicode Code Point Inclusion in Labels in the DNS
Best Current PracticeClarification/Terminology6895Domain Name System (DNS) IANA Considerations
Internet StandardEDNS & Extensions6891Extension Mechanisms for DNS (EDNS(0))
Proposed StandardPKI ApplicationNew RRs/Codes6844DNS Certification Authority Authorization (CAA) Resource Record8659
InformationalDNSSEC - General Operation6841A Framework for DNSSEC Policies and DNSSEC Practice Statements
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - Problem StatementClarification/Terminology6840Clarifications and Implementation Notes for DNS Security (DNSSEC)
HistoricService Discovery/mDNS6804Supporting Multicast DNS Queries
InformationalDNSSEC - General Operation6781DNSSEC Operational Practices, Version 2
Proposed StandardService Discovery/mDNS6763DNS-Based Service Discovery
Proposed StandardService Discovery/mDNS6762Multicast DNS
Proposed StandardNamespace6761Special-Use Domain Names
ExperimentalOther ApplicationsNew RRs/Codes6742DNS Resource Records for the Identifier-Locator Network Protocol (ILNP)
Proposed StandardServicing6731Improved Recursive DNS Server Selection for Multi-Interfaced Nodes
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - Algorithms/Keys6725DNS Security (DNSSEC) DNSKEY Algorithm IANA Registry Updates
Proposed StandardPKI ApplicationNew RRs/Codes6698The DNS-Based Authentication of Named Entities (DANE) Transport Layer Security (TLS) Protocol: TLSA
InformationalEmail Application6686Resolution of the Sender Policy Framework (SPF) and Sender ID Experiments
Proposed StandardNew RRs/Codes6672DNAME Redirection in the DNS
Proposed StandardEmail Application6652Sender Policy Framework (SPF) Authentication Failure Reporting Using the Abuse Reporting Format
Proposed StandardEmail Application6651Extensions to DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM) for Failure Reporting
Proposed StandardSRV/SVCB FunctionalitiesOther Applications6641Using DNS SRV to Specify a Global File Namespace with NFS Version 4
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - Algorithms/Keys6605Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm (DSA) for DNSSEC
Proposed StandardClarification/Terminology6604xNAME RCODE and Status Bits Clarification
Proposed StandardOther Applications6594Use of the SHA-256 Algorithm with RSA, Digital Signature Algorithm (DSA), and Elliptic Curve DSA (ECDSA) in SSHFP Resource Records
InformationalIPv6 Application6589Considerations for Transitioning Content to IPv6
InformationalStatement of Retirement6563Moving A6 to Historic Status
ExperimentalEmail Application6541DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM) Authorized Third-Party Signatures
InformationalFilteringGuidelines/Recommendations6471Overview of Best Email DNS-Based List (DNSBL) Operational Practices
Proposed StandardIDNA/Globalization6452The Unicode Code Points and Internationalized Domain Names for Applications (IDNA) - Unicode 6.0
InformationalPKI Application6394Use Cases and Requirements for DNS-Based Authentication of Named Entities (DANE)
Best Current PracticeEmail Application6377DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM) and Mailing Lists
Internet StandardEmail Application6376DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM) Signatures
InformationalReverse DNS6305I'm Being Attacked by PRISONER.IANA.ORG!
InformationalReverse DNS6304AS112 Nameserver Operations7534
Best Current PracticeServicing6303Locally Served DNS Zones
Best Current PracticeClarification/Terminology6195Domain Name System (DNS) IANA Considerations6895
Proposed StandardSRV/SVCB FunctionalitiesEmail Application6186Use of SRV Records for Locating Email Submission/Access Services
InformationalGuidelines/RecommendationsServicing6168Requirements for Management of Name Servers for the DNS
Proposed StandardIPv6 Application6147DNS64: DNS Extensions for Network Address Translation from IPv6 Clients to IPv4 Servers
Proposed StandardPKI Application6125RFC 6125 - Representation and Verification of Domain-Based Application Service Identity within Internet Public Key Infrastructure Using X.509 (PKIX) Certificates in the Context of Transport Layer Security (TLS)
Proposed StandardENUM/DDDS6116The E.164 to Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI) Dynamic Delegation Discovery System (DDDS) Application (ENUM)
Proposed StandardIPv6 Application6106IPv6 Router Advertisement Options for DNS Configuration8106
InformationalIDNA/Globalization6055IAB Thoughts on Encodings for Internationalized Domain Names
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - Algorithms/Keys6014Cryptographic Algorithm Identifier Allocation for DNSSEC
InformationalIDNA/Globalization5992Internationalized Domain Names Registration and Administration Guidelines for European Languages Using Cyrillic
Proposed StandardDNS over TCP5966DNS Transport over TCP - Implementation Requirements7766
Proposed StandardZone Transfer/Update5936DNS Zone Transfer Protocol (AXFR)
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - Algorithms/Keys5933Use of GOST Signature Algorithms in DNSKEY and RRSIG Resource Records for DNSSEC
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - OthersName Registration & Protocols5910Domain Name System (DNS) Security Extensions Mapping for the Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)
InformationalIDNA/Globalization5895Mapping Characters for Internationalized Domain Names in Applications (IDNA) 2008
InformationalIDNA/Globalization5894Internationalized Domain Names for Applications (IDNA): Background, Explanation, and Rationale
Proposed StandardIDNA/Globalization5893Right-to-Left Scripts for Internationalized Domain Names for Applications (IDNA)
Proposed StandardIDNA/Globalization5892The Unicode Code Points and Internationalized Domain Names for Applications (IDNA)
Proposed StandardIDNA/Globalization5891Internationalized Domain Names in Applications (IDNA): Protocol
Proposed StandardIDNA/Globalization5890Internationalized Domain Names for Applications (IDNA): Definitions and Document Framework
Proposed StandardSRV/SVCB FunctionalitiesOther Applications5864DNS SRV Resource Records for AFS
InformationalEmail Application5863DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM) Development, Deployment, and Operations
Best Current PracticeReverse DNSIPv6 Application5855Nameservers for IPv4 and IPv6 Reverse Zones
InformationalFiltering5782DNS Blacklists and Whitelists
Internet StandardName Registration & Protocols5734Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) Transport over TCP
Internet StandardName Registration & Protocols5733Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) Contact Mapping
Internet StandardName Registration & Protocols5732Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) Host Mapping
Internet StandardName Registration & Protocols5731Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) Domain Name Mapping
Internet StandardName Registration & Protocols5730Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - Algorithms/Keys5702Use of SHA-2 Algorithms with RSA in DNSKEY and RRSIG Resource Records for DNSSEC
Proposed StandardENUM/DDDS5679Locating IEEE 802.21 Mobility Services Using DNS
Proposed StandardEmail Application5672RFC 4871 DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM) Signatures -- Update6376
Best Current PracticeGuidelines/RecommendationsServicing5625DNS Proxy Implementation Guidelines
HistoricEmail Application5617DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM) Author Domain Signing Practices (ADSP)
InformationalEmail Application5585DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM) Service Overview
InformationalIDNA/GlobalizationGuidelines/Recommendations5564Linguistic Guidelines for the Use of the Arabic Language in Internet Domains
InformationalENUM/DDDSReverse DNS5527Combined User and Infrastructure ENUM in the e164.arpa Tree
InformationalENUM/DDDS5526The E.164 to Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI) Dynamic Delegation Discovery System (DDDS) Application for Infrastructure ENUM
Proposed StandardSRV/SVCB Functionalities5509Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) Registration of Instant Messaging and Presence DNS SRV RRs for the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)
InformationalServicingClarification/Terminology5507Design Choices When Expanding the DNS
Proposed StandardThreats/Vulnerabilities & PatchesGuidelines/Recommendations5452Measures for Making DNS More Resilient against Forged Answers
Best Current PracticeClarification/Terminology5395Domain Name System (DNS) IANA Considerations6195
Best Current PracticeThreats/Vulnerabilities & Patches5358Preventing Use of Recursive Nameservers in Reflector Attacks
ExperimentalNew RRs/CodesOther Applications5205Host Identity Protocol (HIP) Domain Name System (DNS) Extension8005
InformationalIPv6 ApplicationReverse DNS51586to4 Reverse DNS Delegation Specification
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - General Operation5155DNS Security (DNSSEC) Hashed Authenticated Denial of Existence
Proposed StandardName Registration & Protocols5144A Domain Availability Check (DCHK) Registry Type for the Internet Registry Information Service (IRIS)
InformationalENUM/DDDSFlaws/Errors & Reporting5483ENUM Implementation Issues and Experiences
Proposed StandardENUM/DDDSName Registration & Protocols5076ENUM Validation Information Mapping for the Extensible Provisioning Protocol
HistoricDNSSEC - Others5074DNSSEC Lookaside Validation (DLV)
Proposed StandardIPv6 Application5026Mobile IPv6 Bootstrapping in Split Scenario
InformationalEmail Application5016Requirements for a DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM) Signing Practices Protocol
Internet StandardDNSSEC - Algorithms/Keys5011Automated Updates of DNS Security (DNSSEC) Trust Anchors
ExperimentalIPv6 Application5006IPv6 Router Advertisement Option for DNS Configuration6106
Proposed StandardServicing5001DNS Name Server Identifier (NSID) Option
InformationalDNSSEC - Algorithms/KeysGuidelines/Recommendations4986Requirements Related to DNS Security (DNSSEC) Trust Anchor Rollover
ExperimentalDNSSEC - Others4956DNS Security (DNSSEC) Opt-In
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - Others4955DNS Security (DNSSEC) Experiments
Draft StandardName Registration & Protocols4934Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) Transport over TCP5734
Draft StandardName Registration & Protocols4933Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) Contact Mapping5733
Draft StandardName Registration & Protocols4932Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) Host Mapping5732
Draft StandardName Registration & Protocols4931Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) Domain Name Mapping5731
Draft StandardName Registration & Protocols4930Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)5730
InformationalServicing4892Requirements for a Mechanism Identifying a Name Server Instance
Proposed StandardEmail Application4871DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM) Signatures6376
HistoricEmail Application4870Domain-Based Email Authentication Using Public Keys Advertised in the DNS (DomainKeys)4871
Proposed StandardENUM/DDDS4848Domain-Based Application Service Location Using URIs and the Dynamic Delegation Discovery Service (DDDS)
InformationalOther Applications4795Link-Local Multicast Name Resolution (LLMNR)
InformationalENUM/DDDS4725ENUM Validation Architecture
InformationalIDNA/GlobalizationName Registration & Protocols4713Registration and Administration Recommendations for Chinese Domain Names
Proposed StandardIPv6 Application4704The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6 (DHCPv6) Client Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) Option
Proposed StandardOther ApplicationsFlaws/Errors & Reporting4703Resolution of Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) Conflicts among Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Clients
Proposed StandardOther Applications4702The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Client Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) Option
Proposed StandardOther ApplicationsNew RRs/Codes4701A DNS Resource Record (RR) for Encoding Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Information (DHCID RR)
Proposed StandardName Registration & Protocols4698An Address Registry (areg) Type for the Internet Registry Information Service
Best Current PracticeFlaws/Errors & Reporting4697Observed DNS Resolution Misbehavior
InformationalIDNA/GlobalizationGuidelines/Recommendations4690Review and Recommendations for Internationalized Domain Names (IDNs)
InformationalEmail ApplicationThreats/Vulnerabilities & Patches4686Analysis of Threats Motivating DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM)
InformationalDNSSEC - General Operation4641DNSSEC Operational Practices6781
Proposed StandardTransaction Authentication4635HMAC SHA TSIG Algorithm Identifiers8945
Proposed StandardClarification/Terminology4592The Role of Wildcards in the Domain Name System
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - Algorithms/Keys4509Use of SHA-256 in DNSSEC Delegation Signer (DS) Resource Records (RRs)
Proposed StandardData Collection & Representation4501Domain Name System Uniform Resource Identifiers
InformationalIPv6 ApplicationGuidelines/Recommendations4472Operational Considerations and Issues with IPv6 DNS
ExperimentalDNSSEC - General Operation4471Derivation of DNS Name Predecessor and Successor
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - General Operation4470Minimally Covering NSEC Records and DNSSEC On-line Signing
HistoricDNSSEC - OthersNew RRs/Codes4431The DNSSEC Lookaside Validation (DLV) DNS Resource Record
ExperimentalEmail ApplicationNew RRs/Codes4408Sender Policy Framework (SPF) for Authorizing Use of Domains in E-Mail, Version 17208
Proposed StandardPKI ApplicationNew RRs/Codes4398Storing Certificates in the Domain Name System (DNS)
InformationalClarification/Terminology4367What's in a Name: False Assumptions about DNS Names
Proposed StandardClarification/Terminology4343Domain Name System (DNS) Case Insensitivity Clarification
InformationalIPv6 Application4339IPv6 Host Configuration of DNS Server Information Approaches
InformationalOther Applications4322Opportunistic Encryption using the Internet Key Exchange (IKE)
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - OthersName Registration & Protocols4310Domain Name System (DNS) Security Extensions Mapping for the Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)5910
InformationalIDNA/Globalization4290Suggested Practices for Registration of Internationalized Domain Names (IDN)
Proposed StandardOther Applications4255Using DNS to Securely Publish Secure Shell (SSH) Key Fingerprints
InformationalIDNA/Globalization4185National and Local Characters for DNS Top Level Domain (TLD) Names
InformationalServicing4183A Suggested Scheme for DNS Resolution of Networks and Gateways
Best Current PracticeStatement of RetirementIPv6 Application4159Deprecation of ip6.int
Proposed StandardENUM/DDDS4143Facsimile Using Internet Mail (IFAX) Service of ENUM
Proposed StandardName Registration & ProtocolsENUM/DDDS4114E.164 Number Mapping for the Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)
InformationalIPv6 ApplicationFlaws/Errors & Reporting4074Common Misbehavior Against DNS Queries for IPv6 Addresses
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - General Operation4035Protocol Modifications for the DNS Security Extensions
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - General OperationNew RRs/Codes4034Resource Records for the DNS Security Extensions
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - General Operation4033DNS Security Introduction and Requirements
InformationalData Collection & Representation4027Domain Name System Media Types
Proposed StandardOther Applications4025A Method for Storing IPsec Keying Material in DNS
Proposed StandardName Registration & Protocols3982IRIS: A Domain Registry (dreg) Type for the Internet Registry Information Service (IRIS)
Proposed StandardENUM/DDDSSRV/SVCB Functionalities3958Domain-Based Application Service Location Using SRV RRs and the Dynamic Delegation Discovery Service (DDDS)
Proposed StandardName Registration & Protocols3915Domain Registry Grace Period Mapping for the Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)
Best Current PracticeIPv6 ApplicationGuidelines/Recommendations3901DNS IPv6 Transport Operational Guidelines
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - General Operation3845DNS Security (DNSSEC) NextSECure (NSEC) RDATA Format4033, 4034, 4035
InformationalDNSSEC - Problem StatementThreats/Vulnerabilities & Patches3833Threat Analysis of the Domain Name System (DNS)
ExperimentalSRV/SVCB Functionalities3832Remote Service Discovery in the Service Location Protocol (SLP) via DNS SRV
Proposed StandardENUM/DDDS3761The E.164 to Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI) Dynamic Delegation Discovery System (DDDS) Application (ENUM)6116, 6117
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - Algorithms/Keys3757Domain Name System KEY (DNSKEY) Resource Record (RR) Secure Entry Point (SEP) Flag4033, 4034, 4035
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - General Operation3755Legacy Resolver Compatibility for Delegation Signer (DS)4033, 4034, 4035
InformationalIDNA/Globalization3743Joint Engineering Team (JET) Guidelines for Internationalized Domain Names (IDN) Registration and Administration for Chinese, Japanese, and Korean
Proposed StandardName Registration & Protocols3733Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) Contact Mapping4933
Proposed StandardName Registration & Protocols3732Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) Host Mapping4932
Proposed StandardName Registration & Protocols3731Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) Domain Name Mapping4931
Proposed StandardName Registration & Protocols3730Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)4930
InformationalName Registration & Protocols3707Cross Registry Internet Service Protocol (CRISP) Requirements
InformationalName Registration & Protocols3696Application Techniques for Checking and Transformation of Names
Best Current PracticeReverse DNSIPv6 Application3681Delegation of E.F.F.3.IP6.ARPA
InformationalNamespaceThreats/Vulnerabilities & Patches3675.sex Considered Dangerous
ExperimentalName Registration & Protocols3663Domain Administrative Data in Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP)
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - Algorithms/KeysNew RRs/Codes3658Delegation Signer (DS) Resource Record (RR)4033, 4034, 4035
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - General Operation3655Redefinition of DNS Authenticated Data (AD) bit4033, 4034, 4035
Proposed StandardIPv6 Application3646DNS Configuration options for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6 (DHCPv6)
Proposed StandardTransaction Authentication3645Generic Security Service Algorithm for Secret Key Transaction Authentication for DNS (GSS-TSIG)
InformationalName Registration & Protocols3632VeriSign Registry Registrar Protocol (RRP) Version 2.0.0
Proposed StandardServicingGuidelines/Recommendations3597Handling of Unknown DNS Resource Record (RR) Types
Internet StandardIPv6 Application3596DNS Extensions to Support IP Version 6
Proposed StandardIDNA/Globalization3492Punycode: A Bootstring encoding of Unicode for Internationalized Domain Names in Applications (IDNA)
Proposed StandardIDNA/Globalization3491Nameprep: A Stringprep Profile for Internationalized Domain Names (IDN)5891
Proposed StandardIDNA/Globalization3490Internationalizing Domain Names in Applications (IDNA)5890, 5891
InformationalClarification/Terminology3467Role of the Domain Name System (DNS)
Proposed StandardIDNA/Globalization3454Preparation of Internationalized Strings ("stringprep")7564
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - Algorithms/Keys3445Limiting the Scope of the KEY Resource Record (RR)4033, 4034, 4035
Proposed StandardStatement of Retirement3425Obsoleting IQUERY
Best Current PracticeENUM/DDDS3405Dynamic Delegation Discovery System (DDDS) Part Five: URI.ARPA Assignment Procedures
Proposed StandardENUM/DDDS3404Dynamic Delegation Discovery System (DDDS) Part Four: The Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI)
Proposed StandardENUM/DDDS3403Dynamic Delegation Discovery System (DDDS) Part Three: The Domain Name System (DNS) Database
Proposed StandardENUM/DDDS3402Dynamic Delegation Discovery System (DDDS) Part Two: The Algorithm
InformationalENUM/DDDS3401Dynamic Delegation Discovery System (DDDS) Part One: The Comprehensive DDDS
Proposed StandardOther Applications3397Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Domain Search Option
InformationalName Registration & Protocols3375Generic Registry-Registrar Protocol Requirements
InformationalIPv6 Application3364Tradeoffs in Domain Name System (DNS) Support for Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6)
InformationalIPv6 Application3363Representing Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) Addresses in the Domain Name System (DNS)
InformationalServicing3258Distributing Authoritative Name Servers via Shared Unicast Addresses
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - General OperationGuidelines/Recommendations3226DNSSEC and IPv6 A6 aware server/resolver message size requirements
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - General Operation3225Indicating Resolver Support of DNSSEC
InformationalStatement of Retirement3197Applicability Statement for DNS MIB Extensions
Best Current PracticeReverse DNSGuidelines/Recommendations3172Management Guidelines & Operational Requirements for the Address and Routing Parameter Area Domain (arpa)
Best Current PracticeIPv6 ApplicationReverse DNS3152Delegation of IP6.ARPA3596
InformationalDNSSEC - Problem Statement3130Notes from the State-Of-The-Technology: DNSSEC
ExperimentalNew RRs/CodesOther Applications3123A DNS RR Type for Lists of Address Prefixes (APL RR)
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - Algorithms/Keys3110RSA/SHA-1 SIGs and RSA KEYs in the Domain Name System (DNS)
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - General Operation3090DNS Security Extension Clarification on Zone Status4033, 4034, 4035
InformationalNamespace3071Reflections on the DNS, RFC 1591, and Categories of Domains
InformationalENUM/DDDS3026Liaison to IETF/ISOC on ENUM
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - General Operation3008Domain Name System Security (DNSSEC) Signing Authority4033, 4034, 4035
Proposed StandardZone Transfer/Update3007Secure Domain Name System (DNS) Dynamic Update
Proposed StandardTransaction Authentication2931DNS Request and Transaction Signatures ( SIG(0)s )
Proposed StandardTransaction AuthenticationNew RRs/Codes2930Secret Key Establishment for DNS (TKEY RR)
Best Current PracticeClarification/Terminology2929Domain Name System (DNS) IANA Considerations5395
Proposed StandardENUM/DDDS2916E.164 Number and DNS3761
Proposed StandardENUM/DDDSNew RRs/Codes2915The Naming Authority Pointer (NAPTR) DNS Resource Record3401, 3402, 3403, 3404
HistoricIPv6 Application2874DNS Extensions to Support IPv6 Address Aggregation and Renumbering
Best Current PracticeDNS RootGuidelines/Recommendations2870Root Name Server Operational Requirements7720
Proposed StandardTransaction AuthenticationNew RRs/Codes2845Secret Key Transaction Authentication for DNS (TSIG)8945
InformationalName Registration & Protocols2832NSI Registry Registrar Protocol (RRP) Version 1.1.0
InformationalDNS RootClarification/Terminology2826IAB Technical Comment on the Unique DNS Root
InformationalIDNA/Globalization2825A Tangled Web: Issues of I18N, Domain Names, and the Other Internet protocols
Proposed StandardSRV/SVCB FunctionalitiesNew RRs/Codes2782A DNS RR for specifying the location of services (DNS SRV)
InformationalNew RRs/CodesOther Applications2694DNS extensions to Network Address Translators (DNS_ALG)
HistoricData Collection & Representation2673Binary Labels in the Domain Name System6891
Proposed StandardNew RRs/Codes2672Non-Terminal DNS Name Redirection6672
Proposed StandardEDNS & Extensions2671Extension Mechanisms for DNS (EDNS0)6891
Best Current PracticeNamespace2606Reserved Top Level DNS Names
InformationalDNSSEC - General Operation2541DNS Security Operational Considerations4641
ExperimentalDNSSEC - General Operation2540Detached Domain Name System (DNS) Information
Proposed StandardTransaction Authentication2539Storage of Diffie-Hellman Keys in the Domain Name System (DNS)
Proposed StandardPKI ApplicationNew RRs/Codes2538Storing Certificates in the Domain Name System (DNS)4398
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - Algorithms/Keys2537RSA/MD5 KEYs and SIGs in the Domain Name System (DNS)3110
Proposed StandardTransaction Authentication2536DSA KEYs and SIGs in the Domain Name System (DNS)
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - General Operation2535Domain Name System Security Extensions4033, 4034, 4035
InformationalNamespace2517Building Directories from DNS: Experiences from WWWSeeker
InformationalNamespace2352A Convention For Using Legal Names as Domain Names
ExperimentalNamespace2345Domain Names and Company Name Retrieval
Best Current PracticeReverse DNS2317Classless IN-ADDR.ARPA delegation
Proposed StandardServicing2308Negative Caching of DNS Queries (DNS NCACHE)
InformationalNamespace2240A Legal Basis for Domain Name Allocation2352
InformationalTransaction AuthenticationNew RRs/Codes2230Key Exchange Delegation Record for the DNS
Best Current PracticeOther Applications2219Use of DNS Aliases for Network Services
Best Current PracticeServicing2182Selection and Operation of Secondary DNS Servers
Proposed StandardClarification/Terminology2181Clarifications to the DNS Specification
ExperimentalENUM/DDDS2168Resolution of Uniform Resource Identifiers using the Domain Name System3401, 3402, 3403, 3404
Proposed StandardNew RRs/CodesOther Applications2163Using the Internet DNS to Distribute MIXER Conformant Global Address Mapping (MCGAM)
InformationalNamespace2146U.S. Government Internet Domain Names
Proposed StandardZone Transfer/Update2137Secure Domain Name System Dynamic Update3007
Proposed StandardZone Transfer/Update2136Dynamic Updates in the Domain Name System (DNS UPDATE)
Proposed StandardDNSSEC - General Operation2065Domain Name System Security Extensions2535
InformationalNamespace2053The AM (Armenia) Domain
ExperimentalSRV/SVCB FunctionalitiesNew RRs/Codes2052A DNS RR for specifying the location of services (DNS SRV)2782
InformationalDNS RootGuidelines/Recommendations2010Operational Criteria for Root Name Servers2870
Proposed StandardZone Transfer/Update1996A Mechanism for Prompt Notification of Zone Changes (DNS NOTIFY)
Proposed StandardZone Transfer/Update1995Incremental Zone Transfer in DNS
Proposed StandardServicing1982Serial Number Arithmetic
InformationalNamespace1956Registration in the MIL Domain
InformationalFlaws/Errors & Reporting1912Common DNS Operational and Configuration Errors
Proposed StandardIPv6 Application1886DNS Extensions to support IP version 63596
InformationalOther Applications1877PPP Internet Protocol Control Protocol Extensions for Name Server Addresses
ExperimentalNew RRs/CodesOther Applications1876A Means for Expressing Location Information in the Domain Name System
InformationalNamespace1816U.S. Government Internet Domain Names2146
InformationalNamespace1811U.S. Government Internet Domain Names1816
InformationalServicing1794DNS Support for Load Balancing
HistoricNew RRs/CodesOther Applications1788ICMP Domain Name Messages
InformationalServicing1713Tools for DNS debugging
ExperimentalNew RRs/CodesOther Applications1712DNS Encoding of Geographical Location
HistoricNew RRs/CodesOther Applications1706DNS NSAP Resource Records
ExperimentalNew RRs/CodesOther Applications1664Using the Internet DNS to Distribute RFC1327 Mail Address Mapping Tables2163
ExperimentalNew RRs/CodesOther Applications1637DNS NSAP Resource Records1706
HistoricNew RRs/Codes1612DNS Resolver MIB Extensions
HistoricNew RRs/Codes1611DNS Server MIB Extensions
InformationalNamespace1591Domain Name System Structure and Delegation
InformationalFlaws/Errors & Reporting1537Common DNS Data File Configuration Errors1912
InformationalFlaws/Errors & Reporting1536Common DNS Implementation Errors and Suggested Fixes
InformationalThreats/Vulnerabilities & Patches1535A Security Problem and Proposed Correction With Widely Deployed DNS Software
HistoricNamespace1528Principles of Operation for the TPC.INT Subdomain: Remote Printing -- Technical Procedures9121
InformationalNamespace1480The US Domain
ExperimentalNew RRs/Codes1464Using the Domain Name System To Store Arbitrary String Attributes
InformationalClarification/Terminology1401Correspondence between the IAB and DISA on the use of DNS
InformationalOther Applications1394Relationship of Telex Answerback Codes to Internet Domains
InformationalNamespace1386The US Domain1480
ExperimentalOther Applications1383An Experiment in DNS Based IP Routing
ExperimentalNew RRs/Codes1348DNS NSAP RRs1637
ExperimentalNamespace1279X.500 and Domains
ExperimentalNew RRs/Codes1183New DNS RR Definitions
Internet StandardClarification/Terminology1123Requirements for Internet Hosts -- Application and Support
UnknownReverse DNS1101DNS encoding of network names and other types
Internet StandardCore DNS documents1035Domain names - implementation and specification
Internet StandardCore DNS documents1034Domain names - concepts and facilities
UnknownCore DNS documents1033Domain Administrators Operations Guide
UnknownCore DNS documents973Domain System Changes and Observations1034, 1035
UnknownCore DNS documents883DOMAIN NAMES - IMPLEMENTATION and SPECIFICATION1034, 1035
UnknownCore DNS documents882DOMAIN NAMES - CONCEPTS and FACILITIES1034, 1035